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Agricultural Land  

Colorado statutes define agricultural land as one of the following:

  • A parcel of land, whether located in an incorporated or unincorporated area and despite the uses for which the land is zoned, that was used the previous two years and presently is used as a farm or ranch, or is being restored through conservation practices. The conservation practice must be a plan under the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) or a plan approved by an appropriate conservation district. Agricultural land includes land under the residence and land under support buildings if they are part of the operation.
  • A parcel of land that has at least forty acres of forest land and that is subject to a forest management plan. The land must be used to produce tangible wood products that originate from the productivity of the land for the primary purpose of obtaining a monetary profit.
  • A parcel of land that consists of at least eighty acres, or less than eighty acres if the parcel does not contain any residential improvements, is subject to a perpetual conservation easement. The area is classified by the assessor as agricultural land at the time the easement was granted, if the easement was to a qualified organization, or if the easement was granted exclusively for conservation purposes, and if all current and contemplated future uses of the land are described in the conservation easement. This provision does not include any portion of such land that is actually used for nonagricultural commercial or residential purposes.
  • A parcel of land, used as a farm or ranch, that the owner has a decreed water rights or a final permit to appropriated ground water for purposes other than residential purposes, and the water appropriated under such right or permit is used for the production of agricultural or livestock products on the land.

Agricultural land is valued by capitalizing the landlord's net income into an indication of value using the capitilization rate established by law. For details regarding the valuation of agricultural land, to get information on forest agricultural classification or to download a questionnaire to request agricultural classification for your property, please see the links below.

Related Information

How Agricultural Property is Valued in Colorado
 

Brochure produced by the Colorado Division of Property Taxation explaining how agricultural properties are valued for tax purposes.

Additional Resources
 Colorado State Forest Service - Forest Agriculture Program

Colorado State Forest Service website with additional information on the Forest Agriculture Program.  Landowners in Colorado are eligible to sell their timber through the Forest Ag Program, which offers similar tax valuation as that of traditional agricultural lands.  Forest landowners voluntarilty participate in the Forest Ag Program and must fulfll certain requirements for initial eligibility.

 Forest Agriculture Program Brochure

Forest Agriculture Program Brochure from the Colorado State Forest Service


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